FG: What You May Need To Know About the Outbreak of Anthrax Disease in Livestock

What May Need to Know About the Outbreak of Anthrax disease in livestock causes, symptoms and Prevention of Anthrax disease in livestock animals
Anthrax Disease
The Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and its Development Partners has Sensitized Butchers and Livestock Dealers on the outbreak of Anthrax in some Neighbouring Countries within the West African Sub-Region specifically in Northern Ghana bordering Burkina Faso and Togo, noting that there is currently no suspected or confirmed case of anthrax in Nigeria, rather preventive measures must be adhered to.

Speaking during the Sensitization Workshop held at Karu Abattoir and Livestock Market Dei Dei, Abuja, respectively, on Monday 26th June, 2023, the Director/ Chief Veterinary Officer of Nigeria (CVO), Dr. Columba Vakuru, represented by Dr. Dupe Hambolu, Risk Assessment & Communication Focal Point, said that the essence of the Sensitization was to create awareness on the Preventive and Control Measures to tackle the Menace of Anthrax.

He stressed that the disease which had claimed some lives was a bacteria disease that affects both animals and man (zoonotic disease).
Anthrax Disease
Anthrax Disease

He pointed out that the bacteria, which exist as spores, can be found in the soil, wool or hair of infected animals.

Speaking further, he highlighted that animals can be infected when they breathe in or ingest spores in contaminated soil, plant or water. And humans can get it when they inhale or breath in the spores, eat contaminated meat, or come in contact with the skin through wounds or cuts while handling a sick or dead anthrax infected animal.

He emphasized the signs of anthrax on animals as sudden death within two to three hours without displaying any sign, shivering in some animals as a result of high fever, difficulty in breathing or convulsion, among others.

Dr. Vakuru added that Signs in humans are fever, painless skin sores/ulcers with black center, Respiratory symptoms, severe stomach pain and general body pain, noting that anthrax disease can be prevented or controlled by the following: don't buy or sell sick animals to the public, do not buy animals from areas where outbreak have been suspected, do not buy cheap animals, always wear nose masks, work clothes and boots when in contact with animals, wash your hands regularly with soap after contact with animals, wash and disinfect the floor always.

The Chief Veterinary Officer noted that Anthrax spores are resistant to harsh conditions and can survive in contaminated environment for 40 to 60 years and have been known to survive up to 100 years, making the control of the disease very difficult, adding that the spores are brought to the surface by wet weather among others.

He noted that Nigeria's close relationship with Ghana through border movement of Humans and Animals and strong trade relations can create high risk of importation of the disease.

The CVO however, pointed out that Government has therefore put precautionary measures to include: Establishment of a National Anthrax Technical Working Group (TWG), Dissemination of Information through Press Releases and Development of an Incident Action Plan.

He therefore encouraged Nigeria's to report early detection of suspected anthrax cases in animals in order to prevent the spread of the disease to unaffected animals and human.
Anthrax Disease
Anthrax Disease

In his remarks, Livestock Manager in Dei-Dei Market, Hanisu Wawu, said that any livestock brought in for sale or slaughter are always monitored. However, he promised to ensure dealers adhere to the directive of Federal Government concerning live stocks in order to prevent disease outbreak in the Country.

In attendance were officials of Veterinary Council of Nigeria, Butchers, Livestock traders, amongst others.

Category: World-News
Tag: What May Need to Know About the Outbreak of Anthrax disease in livestock causes symptoms and Prevention of Anthrax disease in livestock animals
Written by Omooba Alekuwodo (omoobaalekuwodo)
Published 6/27/2023 5:03:59 PM

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